Service at Swedish Dry Ports


Alena Khaslavskaya
Violeta Roso
Ivan Sanchez-Diaz

Chalmers University of Technology
E-mail: Denne e-mail adresse bliver beskyttet mod spambots. Du skal have JavaScript aktiveret for at vise den.

Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden


The purpose of the study is to investigate which services of Swedish dry ports have the largest positive influence on stakeholders’ criteria; in order to suggest a configuration of a dry port that brings the most benefits to the stakeholders. Multi-actor, Multi-Criteria Analysis method was used as a basis for the research; it allowed evaluation of different scenarios (sets of services available at dry ports) considering objectives and opinions of multiple stakeholders. Scenarios and criteria were identified by literature analysis.

The findings show that the basic services of the studied dry ports were crucial for establishing operations; however, furtheradvancement of service portfolio by adding value-added services (VAS) and customer-oriented services keeps bringing extra benefits to the stakeholders both from financial and environmental points of view. Majority of Swedish dry ports keeps developing their service portfolio towards wider range of VAS and specific customized services according to their customers’ and potential customers’ demand.

Study is limited to the Swedish dry ports connected to the Port of Gothenburg by rail. The study focuses only on services and does not take into consideration other characteristics of the dry ports. The study contributes to the body of knowledge on dry port research by identifying the stakeholders’ benefits from particular services available at the dry ports.

Key words: Dry port, hinterland transport, logistics services, MAMCA, Sweden

Dry Ports:  Research Outcomes, Trends, and Future Implications


Alena Khaslavskaya and Violeta Roso

Chalmers University of Technology

Chalmers University of Technology, Technology Management and Economics Department, SE-412 96, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Email: Denne e-mail adresse bliver beskyttet mod spambots. Du skal have JavaScript aktiveret for at vise den.,
orcid: 0000-0002-4638-0219.


The concept of dry ports has gained significant interest among
practitioners and researchers in the last decade. Consequently, publications on this topic have followed this development, and today there are more than 100 papers available in the Scopus and Science Direct databases compared to two papers in 2007.

Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to summarize current scientific knowledge on the phenomenon and to identify research outcomes, trends, and future research implications by conducting a systematic literature review (SLR). SLR is an explicit and reproducible method that assures reliability and traceability of the results. The selection of the relevant papers was done independently by each author using Rayyan QCRI software; the coding and analysis were conducted with the help of the qualitative data analysis software, NVivo.

Findings show that the research area is mainly represented by qualitative cases and optimization studies covering various aspects of dry ports. Dry port examples differ around the world based on location, functions, services, ownership, and maturity level. Although the research area is young and discrete, five main thematic areas are identified: debate on the concept; environmental impact; economic impact; performance impact and dry ports from a
network perspective. 

Keywords: Dry port, Intermodal transportation, Hinterland, Seaport inland access, Systematic literature review.

We would like to take this opportunity to acknowledge the time and effort devoted by the MEL reviewers on improving the quality of this work. This research was partially
funded by Interreg Value2Sea project.